White Abalone Restoration Consortium

Restoration Plan

The White Abalone Restoration Consortium (WARC) is made up of many groups, all working towards expanding scientific knowledge of white abalone and increasing public awareness of the first marine invertebrate listed as endangered in the United States. The WARC is working together to complete four steps to restore the species:

  1. Locate white abalone in the wild
  2. Collect broodstock and breed new juvenile white abalone
  3. Stock sustainable populations of white abalone into the wild
  4. Educate the public about the significance of this species



National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

As the federal agency in charge of managing U.S. endangered species, NOAA oversees and is involved in all aspects of the recovery effort. NOAA Fisheries directly manages and conducts work to recover white abalone. The Southwest Fisheries Science Center houses some of our captive white abalone and is involved with captive breeding. Learn more about white abalone and NOAA’s involvement.



California Department of Fish and Wildlife

After completing the Abalone Recovery and Management Plan in 2005, CDFW has since lead the research efforts for future stocking and white abalone health. The Invertebrate Management Project at CDFW has been highly involved with research conducted in the field and at the Bodega Marine Laboratory. The Shellfish Health Laboratory is responsible for the health and well-being of all white abalone held in captivity.


UCDUniversity of California, Davis

Working with NOAA and CDFW, the Bodega Marine Laboratory manages and houses the captive breeding effort. UC Davis and the Karen C. Drayer Wildlife Health Center work with BML to conduct laboratory research aimed at improving animal husbandry for white abalone.




Aquarium of the Pacific




Cabrillo Marine Aquarium

Cabrillo Marine Aquarium




Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Sea Center




University of California Santa Barbara and the Marine Science Institute




The Cultured Abalone


the Abalone Farm

The Abalone Farm





National Park Service






UCSD – Scripps Institution of Oceanography


Occidental College

Occidental College



The Bay Foundation


The Bay Foundation






CICESE – Ensenada Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education



california science center

California Science Center